The name Namibia is derived from the Namib Desert, which runs the entire length of the western coastal area. The name was chosen to accommodate all of the Namibian peoples. Many different peoples live in Namibia: Damara, Herero, Himba, Ovambo, San (Bushmen), Nama (Hottentots), Kavango, Rehoboth Baster, Boers, about 20,000 German Namibians, about 750 Austrians, etc. Namibia's white population is about 6 % of the total population.
As diverse as the people, are the languages. With English as the official language, one can communicate well throughout the country. Afrikaans is also very common. There are many other local languages, such as Ovambo, Rukwangalie, Damara or Nama, which stands out because of its four clicking sounds.
The arid landscape was originally inhabited by the San (Bushmen) and Damara peoples. The area of today's Namibia became a German "protectorate" in 1884 - German South-West Africa remained a German colony until the end of the First World War. Even today there are many German street and river names. In 1920, the League of Nations placed Namibia under South African mandate, which introduced its own laws, such as those of apartheid. Namibia gained independence from South Africa in the course of the Namibian Liberation Struggle on 21 March 1990 (Walvis Bay 1994).
Namibia is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world due to the large area of the Namib Desert. There are just 2.5 million inhabitants living on 824,000 km². The country has a stable parliamentary democracy and is considered safe and free. The capital and largest city of Namibia is Windhoek. The economy is strongly characterised by agriculture, fishing, tourism and mining - especially for diamonds, uranium, gold and silver.